Krishna Janmashtami

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  • #4155

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    Krishna Janmashtami is a festival that celebrates the birth of Krishna, the eighth avatar of  Vishnu.

    When we think of Lord Krishna, several images come to our mind. Krishna’s beautiful blue complexion, His mischievous smile, Krishna running away with butter pot, Krishna carrying the mountain Govardhana on his little finger with aplomb, Krishna dancing with the lovely Gopikas, Krishna playing soulful music on his flute and so on. The list is endless. Our heart fills with inexplicable love for the Lord.

    During this festival season lets understand the deeper significance of the different names of  Lord Krishna.

    #4159

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    BHAVA BHAYA BHANJANA ?

    Krishna is the imperceptible, faultless destroyer of the cycle of birth and death. Krishna destroys the fear of Samsara.

     

    #4162

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    DEENAVANA ?

     

    “Deena” means weak and distressed. Deenavana means one who protects people in distress. Krishna, our Lord protects His devotes when in distress.

    #4164

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    YADUNANDANA ?

    “Yadu” refers to Krishna’s first ancestor Yadu of the Yadava clan. “Nandana” means son. Krishna is the son of Vasudeva who was a Yadhava King, a Kshatriya.

     

    #4169

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    MURALIDHARA ?

    “Murali” means flute and “Dhara” means one who holds the flute.

    Murali is the flute that Lord Krishna plays. The Murali or the Indian flute made from Bamboo reed is what Lord Krishna places on his lips and out comes divine tunes that is mesmerising Gopalas, Gopikas, cows, trees, plants and the entire creation. That flute rested on the Lords lips emanated such soulful music and what is the qualification of the flute for this great blessing? Baba says Flute is simple, straight and hollow. Hollow, with not ego, straight with no crookedness and simple with absolutely with no ostentation. When we sing “Muralidhara” we should pray to the Lord to make us as egoless, as simple and as light as the flute. We call out to the loving Lord who spares no effort in uprooting our ego, the Lord who exhorts us to become beautiful instruments and carriers of his music and His love while eliminating our ego and allowing ourselves to be channels of His music and His beauty and His love.

    #4171

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    DAMODHARA ?

    “Damodhara” means rope around the belly”. Derived from the Sanskrit root word “Dama” meaning rope and “udara” meaning belly. This refers to the story, when Little Krishna threw a stone and struck a curd pot letting the curd flow. Mother Yashoda was upset and she tied Krishna to a small stone mill in the shape of dumb bell with a rope. Little Krishna pulled the rope so that he moved with the stone mill following Him. It got stuck between two trees. As Krishna pulled it, the two huge trees fell down releasing two celestial bodies who had been imprisoned in the trees due to a curse. They then thanked Krishna and left for their divine abode in happiness.

    #4173

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    KESHAVA ?

    The Lord with beautiful hair. Keshava also signifies the slaying of a demon named ‘Kesi’ in Krishna avathar. This is the interpretation given by Sri Adhi Shankara and is supported by Vishnu Purana too. Kamsa, the maternal uncle of Krishna sent Kesi to kill little Krishna. But he met his death at the hands of little Gopala. There is another meaning Adhi Shankara has given that is “Kesha” denotes the rays that emanate from the Sun and Krishna is considered to be the very source of Sun, moon and all other effulgent objects in the cosmos.  And so he is called “KESHAVA”. Adhi Shankara supports his statement from the Mahabharatha, where Krishna says in the Bhagwad Gita that, the rays that are emanating from me are called ‘Kesas’. So the learned Brahmins call me by the name KESHAVA.

     

    #4175

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    MADHUSUDANA ?

    “Madhusudhana” is again an appellation of Lord Krishnan and it means he who slayed the evil demon called Madhu. “Madhu” is the term used in the Vedanta and philosophy to refer to the fruits of actions. Since the Lord destroys the effects of the fruits of actions of those who meditate on him, He is called Madhusudhana. Bhagwan also says that “Madhu” means something which is sweeter than honey and for humans what is sweeter than honey? Our ego! The Lord who can completely destroy the ego is called Madhusudhana. So in this line we extol the Lord as the one who is the Lord of our actions, the most beautiful one, who is most mysterious and who lives in our midst now as the beautiful and beatific Sathya Sai.

    #4184

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    MANAMOHANA ?

    “Mohana” means He who is, enchanting and captivating”. “Manamohana” refers to Krishna as He captivates everyone’s heart and mind with His abundant charm and love!

     

    #4187

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    MURAHARA ?

    “Murahara” is one who slayed the demon “Mura”. “Mura” in Sanskrit means to cover. All of us are covered by the ignorance of our true nature. We think ourselves as the body whereas we are much much more than the body. We are indeed the Atma, the eternal soul. So the demon Mura also represents our ignorance and Lord Krishna bears the name Murahara because he destroys this ignorance and enlightens us

     

    #4190

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    MADHAVA ?

    Madhava comes from the words “Ma” and “Dhava”. “Ma” refers to Goddess Lakshmi, the deity associated with riches and bounties. “Dhava” means Lord. Lord Krishna is considered the incarnation of Lord Vishnu whose divine consort is Mother Lakshmi. Therefore according to ancient legend, he bears the name Madhava. The inner significance is that Goddess Lakshmi here represents nature or “Prakruthi”which means the inseparable part of the Lord. Creation is inextricably intertwined with creation .In fact creation is the reflection of the Creator. Hence Madhava is the Lord who is the master of nature or the originator of creation.

     

    #4192

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    MURALI ?

    Murali is the flute that Lord Krishna plays. The Murali or the Indian flute made from Bamboo reed is what Lord Krishna places on his lips and out comes divine tunes that is mesmerising Gopalas, Gopikas, cows, trees, plants and the entire creation. That flute which rested on the Lord’s lips emanated such soulful music and what is the qualification of the flute for this great blessing? Baba says Flute is simple, straight and hollow. Hollow, with not ego, straight with no crookedness and simple with absolutely with no ostentation. So there again, the Lord is telling us to pray to the Lord to make us as egoless, as simple and as light and beautiful like the flute. The Lord is telling us to uproot our ego.

     

    #4194

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    HARI ?

    Baba says Hari means remover or destroyer since he destroys the hurdles in the path of Sadhana or our spiritual disciplines. The name Hari also means the one who is green in colour because of the root word “hara” which means green. In the Mahabharata Krishna says “My superior complexion is green and therefore, I am called “Hari”. The inner meaning is that the sight of green, gives the feeling of peace to the mind. Similarly remembering Hari, the green hued Lord, will give peace to our soul.

    #4196

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    SAI KRISHNA ?

    SAI:  Sa means Divine. Sai is the one who is divinity himself. One who possesses SAKALA AISHWARYA i.e. All forms of wealth and prosperity, beauty and wisdom.

    KRISHNA: The name Krishna comes from the root word “Karsh” which means to attract or to draw towards as in Akarshana. The Lord by his divine grace and miracles, and amazing powers and by his love, attracts and captivates every heart and draws the mind away from the sensory impulses. Baba says this attribute of attraction is characteristic of divinity. And He adds that the divine attracts with the sole purpose of transforming us, reconstructing us and reforming us. The name Krishna also comes from the root word “Krish” which means to cultivate as a field, for growing crops. The name therefore means He who removes the weeds of negative tendencies from our heart and sows the seeds of positive traits. Krishna cultivates the harvest of joys in the hearts of his devotees.

     

    #4198

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    GOVINDA ?

    “Go” DENOTES COWS. SWAMI REVEALS GOVINDA IS ONE WHO CONTROLS THE ANIMAL NATURE IN MAN. THE LORD WHO TRANSFORMS THE BEASTIAL TENDENCIES IN MAN TO HIGHERAND NOBLER ASPECTS OF LIFE

     

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